In people, exactly what determines the sex of offspring and just why? Common Name Painted Turtle Scientific Name Chrysemys picta Other Names Midland Painted Turtle General Appearance : Painted Turtles have a 12 to 17 centimetre shell this is certainly olive-brown in color. The orange, red and yellowish markings on the side and part associated with shell, as well as on the top and feet, are characteristic of Painted Turtles.